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Stochastic model to explain microbiome composition

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All living things — from the simplest animal and plant organisms to the human body — live closely together with an enormous abundance of microbial symbionts, which colonize the insides and outsides of their tissues. The functional collaboration of host and microorganisms, which scientists refer to as a metaorganism, has only recently come into the […]

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One step closer to chronic pain relief

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While effective drugs against chronic pain are not just around the corner, researchers have succeeded in identifying a protein as a future potential target for medicinal drugs. Basic research shows that blocking a protein named sortilin prevents pain — initially in laboratory mice.

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Archaeological mystery solved with modern genetics

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Researchers have conducted a census of the Japanese population around 2,500 years ago using the Y chromosomes of men living on the main islands of modern-day Japan. This is the first time analysis of modern genomes has estimated the size of an ancient human population before they were met by a separate ancient population.